How to know how much water a baby requires? Although it seems like a simple task, it is not always. Find out more about it.The hydration of the baby in summer is similar to the hydration needs of children in general, but also registers some peculiarities. Situations such as diarrhea and vomiting require special care and, therefore, a greater intake of water.
If you want to know what aspects to take into account and how to distinguish dehydration in time in the smallest of the house, read on.
Summer baby hydration and skin care
First of all, adequate hydration of the skin in babies is important for its care.
In fact, the Spanish Society of Clinical Immunology, Allergology and Pediatric Asthma(SEICAP) explains that this prevents atopic dermatitis. A condition that is characterized, among other things, by problems of dryness that lead to injuries and risks of infection.
Hydration of the baby in normal situations
In good weather, the hydration of the baby is partly related to the type of feeding. While infants who breastfeed have their water needs met, those who are formula or baby food should receive a small additional amount.
From 6 months of age, perhaps your doctor can advise you to start a complementary diet incorporating fruits and vegetables. Although these foods already have water in themselves, the intake of this will also be recommended for the little one to acquire the habit.
How much is a lot? How much is little?
Although knowing the necessary amount of water for babies seems like a simple task, it is not always. Therefore, consulting the doctor will be vital to receive a clear answer.
How is it determined? According to an investigation carried out by Miguel Angel Rodríguez-Weber and collaborators:
Special considerations are necessary to calculate water requirements in newborns and infants; however, all their needs must be met with breast milk or milk substitutes.
Likewise, the authors highlight that the water requirements can be calculated according to the calories consumed(100 mL per 100 kcal) by weight. Along these lines, they also warn that a higher intake is necessary the hotter it is. Also, in the case that the children are already older; This consideration should be taken into account when infants have more intense physical activity. But it is not recommended that this need be met with sugary or energy drinks.
Some common mistakes related to water intake in the baby
In newborns, as reaffirmed by the researchers, complications may occur due to incorrect preparation of the milk formula. In this sense, it is important to clarify any doubts; since a bad practice would lead to problems of intoxication or malnutrition.
Also, when the formula is more concentrated than specified, it causes dehydration and hypernatremia; which corresponds to the increase in sodium in the blood.
Some signs to identify possible dehydration in the baby
When there are manifestations of dehydration in babies, their early identification can make a difference. Thus, specialists warn of the following symptoms:
- Restlessness, drowsiness, or irritability.
- Cold or sweaty skin.
- Low energy levels. Hence, the child is weak and sleepy.
- Scarcity or absence of tears during crying. In addition, in these cases it is also of a lower tone than normal.
- Dry mouth or tongue mucosa.
- Sunken eyes, like the soft area(fontanel) of the head.
- Decreased amount of urine; which is more concentrated.
This problem can have serious consequences for the infant. For this reason, at the slightest suspicion of these signs, a specialist should be consulted to evaluate the situation.
The hydration of the baby in its development
The amount of water the baby needs should not be ignored, especially in summer. It is just as harmful to drink too little, as to exceed its supply. In both cases, potential damage can develop.
Therefore, consulting the water needs of the baby with the medical professional is an essential task. Furthermore, it is suggested that you never stop doing it when in doubt. Taking good care of the little ones is vital for their development.